Working Papers

1. "Desperate Capital Breeds Productivity Loss: Evidence from Public Pension Investments in Private Equity". July 2024. [SSRN]

Fellowships, Awards: Jerome A. Chazen Institute for Global Business Doctoral Research Grant • Columbia Business School Finance Division Research Grant • The Eugene Lang Entrepreneurship Center PhD Fellowship • The Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. Center for Leadership and Ethics Doctoral Research Grant • WFA Brattle Group Ph.D. Candidate Award for Outstanding Research 2023 Best Paper - Macroeconomics and Finance IGIDR 2023.

Featured in: Bloomberg OpinionRegulatory Compliance WatchThe American Prospect

Presented at: BIS 2023 • CAFRAL 2023 • Columbia Business School 2021, 2022, 2023 • Columbia FE Colloquium 2022, 2023 Columbia PE Conference 2023 Dartmouth Finance 2023 • EFA 2023 • Federal Reserve Bank of New York 2022, 2023 • Federal Reserve Board 2021, 2023 • IPC Symposium 2023 • Rice Jonas Graduate School of Business Finance 2023 • Emory Finance 2023 • Cornell Finance 2023 • Boston College Finance 2023 • NC State Finance 2024NFA 2023 • NYU Stern Finance 2023 • LSE Finance 2023 • LBS Finance 2023 • Oxford Finance 2023 • CMU Finance 2023 • UNC Kenan-Flagler Finance 2023 • Duke Fuqua Finance 2023 • Michigan Ross Finance 2023 • UIC Finance 2023 • UIUC Gies Finance 2023 • WFA 2023. 

Abstract: I study investment allocations of U.S. public pensions in private equity, and trace their investments to the ultimate micro assets -- the target firms which private equity funds invest in, using a novel micro-data on investments in private equity funds and deals, combined with confidential Census data. I show that the most underfunded public pensions match with the smallest private equity funds, and receive lower total returns relative to the least underfunded pensions. Firms predominantly financed by the most underfunded public pensions experience a -5.2% annual change in labor productivity, and firms financed by other investors experience a +5.2% annual change. Firms supported by smallest funds face productivity decreases. I introduce a novel instrument of public unionization rates to establish support for underfunded positions causing selection into smaller funds. Productivity effects of private equity buyouts studied in the literature turn negative when investments by the most underfunded pensions are high, bringing down the average.

2. "Work From Home and the Office Real Estate Apocalypse". December 2023. Revise & Resubmit, American Economic Review. [NBER WP #w30526 SSRN]
Co-authors: Arpit Gupta and Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

Featured in: Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center Webcast Freakonomics Podcast: The Unintended Consequences of Working from Home Bloomberg  Bloomberg x2  Bloomberg News Financial Times  • Financial Times x2 Yahoo Finance • The New York Times: July 06, 2022 • The New York Times x2 • The New York Times x3 Volcker Alliance Fortune GlobeSt GlobeSt x2 The Register Phil Stock World City Journal Recode by Vox Social Science Encyclopedia Video Columbia Business School Press The Real Deal Amny NYU Stern Press Construction Dive American City and County BisNow MSN MarketProof • AIS Health • Seattle Times Commercial Observer All Work  

Presented at*: ASSA 2023 • The American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association (AREUEA) National Conference 2022 • AREUEA International Conference 2022 • PUC Chile 2022 • BIS 2024 • Boston Federal Reserve 2022 • NYU Stern 2022 • New York Federal Reserve 2022 • Stanford Remote Work Conference 2022 • Michigan Ross School of Business 2022 • Columbia Business School 2022 • Toronto Real Estate Conference 2022 • National University of Singapore 2022 • Urban Economics Association 2022 • HKUST 2022 • USC Macro-Finance 2022

Abstract: We study the impact of remote work on the commercial office sector. We document large shifts in lease revenues, office occupancy, lease renewal rates, lease durations, and market rents as firms shifted to remote work in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic. We show that the pandemic has had large effects on both current and expected future cash flows for office buildings. Remote work also changes the risk premium on office real estate. We revalue the stock of New York City commercial office buildings taking into account pandemic-induced cash flow and discount rate effects. We find a 32% decline in office values in 2020 and 28% in the longer-run, the latter representing a $500 billion value destruction. Higher quality office buildings were somewhat buffered against these trends due to a flight to quality, while lower quality office buildings see much more dramatic swings. These valuation changes have repercussions for local public finances and financial sector stability.

3. "The Effect of Stock Ownership on Individual Spending, Investments, and Loyalty". February 2024. [NBER WP #w28479 SSRN]
Co-authors: Paolina Medina and Michaela Pagel

Featured in: Market Watch Columbia Business School Press Texas A&M Mays Business School Press Retail Bum

Presented at*: AFA 2022 • Barnard Women's Applied Micro Seminar • Boston College • CEPR Workshop on New Consumption Data Columbia PhD Lunch Seminar • Columbia Finance Lunch seminar • Columbia Pre Thesis Seminar • European Finance Association 2022 • Georgetown Fintech Apps Seminar Inter-Finance Ph.D. Seminar • McIntire University of Virginia • SC Johnson College of Business, Cornell University • The Center for Financial Planning 2021 Academic Research Colloquium for Financial Planning and Related Disciplines  University of Maryland University of Amsterdam NBER SI 2021 – Household Finance SAIF • ANU • Cesifo Conference University of Vienna • University of Regensburg • University of Southern California WFA 2021

Abstract: In this study, we quantify the effects of receiving stocks from certain brands on spending in the brand's stores. We use data from a new FinTech company called Bumped that opens brokerage accounts for its users and rewards them with stocks when they shop at previously elected stores. For identification, we use 1) the staggered distribution of brokerage accounts over time after individuals sign up for a waitlist and 2) randomly distributed stock grants. We find that individuals spend 40% more per week at elected brands and stores after being allocated an account. In response to receiving a stock grant, individuals increase their weekly spending by 100% on the granted brands. Beyond documenting a causal link between stock ownership and individual spending, we show that weekly spending in certain brands of our users is strongly correlated with stock holdings of that brand by Robinhood brokerage clients. Finally, we present survey evidence to argue that loyalty is the dominant psychological mechanism explaining our findings.

Published Papers

4. "Flattening the Curve: Pandemic-induced Revaluation of Urban Real Estate"  [NBER WP #w28675 SSRN]
Journal of Financial Economics, Nov 2022, 146 (2), 594-636. November 2022 Editor's Choice Article.
Co-authors: Arpit Gupta, Jonas Peeters, and Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

Featured in: Covid Economics (Issue 69, Lead Article) The New York Times The Economist VoxEU Paul Milstein Center for Real Estate Research, Columbia Business School

Presented at*: AFA 2022 NBER Summer Institute 2021 Triangle Macro-Finance Workshop 2021 NYU Stern Seminar Columbia Business School -- Finance Internal and Ph.D. AREUEA 2021 PERC 2021 SFA 2021 IRC 2021 Wisconsin Madison

Abstract: We show that the COVID-19 pandemic brought house price and rent declines in city centers, and price and rent increases away from the center, thereby flattening the bid-rent curve in most U.S. metropolitan areas. Across MSAs, the flattening of the bid-rent curve is larger when working from home is more prevalent, housing markets are more regulated, and supply is less elastic. Housing markets predict that urban rent growth will exceed suburban rent growth for the foreseeable future.

Selected Work in Progress

5. "High Net Worth Individuals in Private Capital Markets and Inequality" with Ararat Gocmen, Clara Martinez-Toledano

6. "Estimating Demand Elasticities in Private Capital Markets"

*includes presentations by co-authors